Frequency of depression in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Psychiatric support necessity for diabetic patients

Main Article Content

Erhan Önalan
Yusuf Gökalp
Mehmet Aslan
Burkay Yakar
Emir Dönder

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and the risk of depression in T2DM patients in comparison to a healthy control group.


Materials and Methods: The study sample included 100 patients diagnosed with Type 2 DM who were recruited consecutively from the general internal medicine polyclinic (46 males, 54 females, mean age 55.4±11.9 years) and 100 healthy control subjects who had no known diseases and had presented for routine check-up examinations (60 males, 40 females, mean age 37.6±3.7 years). The participants completed a questionnaire composed of a sociodemographic characteristics section and the Beck Depression Inventory, which probes the depression states of individuals based on self-report. Laboratory results of the participants were recorded.


Results: Mean Beck Depression Inventory scores of the patient and control groups, which represent self-reported depression states, were determined as 17±8.5 and 8.5±7.3, respectively. Of the 100 diabetic patients, 8 were determined to have severe depression, 38 moderate depression, 34 mild depression, and 20 minimal depression; whereas, of the 100 healthy controls, 20 were determined to have moderate depression, 18 mild depression, and 62 minimal depression, with no cases of severe depression in this group.


Conclusion: Our study reveals the importance of complementing the conventional patient follow-up procedure with psychiatric support in the management of type 2 DM patients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ÖnalanE., GökalpY., AslanM., YakarB., & DönderE. (2019). Frequency of depression in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Psychiatric support necessity for diabetic patients. Medical Science and Discovery, 6(10), 268-271. https://doi.org/10.36472/msd.v6i10.312
Section
Research Article

References

1. King H, Rewers M. Global estimates for prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in adults. WHO Ad Hoc Diabetes Reporting Group. Diabetes Care 1993; 16: 157-77.

2. King H, Aubert RE, Herman WH. Global burden of diabetes, 1995-2025: prevalence, numerical estimates,and projections. Diabetes Care 1998; 21: 1414-31.

3. Satman I, Yılmaz T. The epidemiology of obesity in the world and Turkey. Aktüel Tıp Dergisi 2001;6: 9-12.

4. Satman I. TURDEP-II Working group. 32nd TEMD Congress, 13-17 October 2010, Antalya.

5. Collins MM, Corcoran P, Perry IJ. Anxiety and depression symptoms in patients with diabetes. Diabet Med 2009;26:153-61.

6. Siddiqui S. Depression in type 2 diabetes mellitus—a brief review. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2014;8:62-5.

7. Hisli N. A study on the validity of the Beck depression inventory. Journal of Psychology 1989; 6 (2): 118-122.

8. Neziha ABA, Havva Tel. Depression and self - care power in patients with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Nursing of the Republic 2012; 1: 18-22.

9. Hisli N. The validity and reliability of Beck depression inventory for university students. Journal of Psychiatry 1989; 7: 3-13.

10. Gülseren L, Hekimsoy Z, Gülseren Ş, Bodur Z, Kültür S. Depression anxiety, quality of life and disability in patients with diabetes mellitus. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2001; 12: 89-98.

11. Patten SB. Long-term medical conditions and majör depression in a Canadian population study at waves 1 and 2. J Affect Disord 2001:63:35-41.

12. Akkoyunlu C, The relationship between the perception of disease and depression, anxiety and quality of life in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and rheumatoid arthritis. (Thesis), Ankara: Baskent University Department of Psychiatry; 2012.