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Objective: The aim of this article is to research the effects of radiotherapy on trace elements and heavy metals in patients with breast cancer. Breast cancer is a common disease worldwide. Breast cancer risk increases with age and occurs at much higher levels in postmenopausal women. During radiation therapy for the treatment of breast cancer, damage to tissue may result. Depending on the treatment technique applied, other areas apart from the treatment area may be affected. For example, the lungs may be negatively affected, resulting in decreased lung capacity. Consequently, free radicals may be formed as a result of oxidative stress incurred due to insufficient lung capacity
Plan and design: In this review article, approximately 110 articles were consulted.
Result: Radiotherapy may cause damage to or loss of tissue, and may have negative effects on trace element levels. Consequently, levels of heavy metals and trace elements may be altered during radiotherapy.
Conclusion; An increase in heavy metals leads to greater oxidative stress, which is associated with a higher risk of cancer. Normal levels of Zn may also decrease the risk of cancer.
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