Relationship between learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents: an analytical cross-sectional study in an accredited dental school in Latin America Learning styles orthodontic residents and professors

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Carlos Matin Ardila
Jorge Andres Alvarez Cordoba
Angela María Gómez Restrepo


Objective:  Information regarding the correlation between the learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents is scant. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents.

Material and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents of the School of Dentistry at the Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia completed a structured questionnaire to identify their learning styles.

Results: A total of 24 residents (100%) and 36 (100%) faculty members responded to the questionnaire. Residents and faculty members presented preference for the theorist and reflector styles; however, the faculty members had a higher value in the theorist style. Statistical significant Pearson correlations were identified among men residents with theorist style (r=0,36; p=0.24), and among men faculty members with active (r=0,37; p=0.026) and pragmatist styles (r=0,5; p<0.0001). Consequently, an association was observed among men residents with the theorist style, which persisted after adjusting for age and semester enrolled (OR=1.5; p=0.03). On the other hand, associations were detected among men faculty members with the active (OR=1.3; p=0.02) and the pragmatist styles (OR=1.4; p=0.005), which also remained after adjusting for age in the multivariate models.

Conclusion: Residents and faculty members showed a preference for the theorist and reflector styles. Besides, this paper found associations between gender and some specific learning styles: men residents were associated with the theorist style, and men faculty members were associated with the active and pragmatist styles.


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Ardila, C. M., Alvarez Cordoba, J. A., & Gómez Restrepo, A. M. (2019). Relationship between learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents: an analytical cross-sectional study in an accredited dental school in Latin America: Learning styles orthodontic residents and professors. Medical Science and Discovery, 6(11), 295–300.
Research Article
Received 2019-11-12
Accepted 2019-11-25
Published 2019-11-27


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