Relationship between learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents: an analytical cross-sectional study in an accredited dental school in Latin America Learning styles orthodontic residents and professors
Main Article Content
Objective: Information regarding the correlation between the learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents is scant. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the learning styles of faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents.
Material and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, faculty members and orthodontic and dentofacial orthopedic residents of the School of Dentistry at the Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia completed a structured questionnaire to identify their learning styles.
Results: A total of 24 residents (100%) and 36 (100%) faculty members responded to the questionnaire. Residents and faculty members presented preference for the theorist and reflector styles; however, the faculty members had a higher value in the theorist style. Statistical significant Pearson correlations were identified among men residents with theorist style (r=0,36; p=0.24), and among men faculty members with active (r=0,37; p=0.026) and pragmatist styles (r=0,5; p<0.0001). Consequently, an association was observed among men residents with the theorist style, which persisted after adjusting for age and semester enrolled (OR=1.5; p=0.03). On the other hand, associations were detected among men faculty members with the active (OR=1.3; p=0.02) and the pragmatist styles (OR=1.4; p=0.005), which also remained after adjusting for age in the multivariate models.
Conclusion: Residents and faculty members showed a preference for the theorist and reflector styles. Besides, this paper found associations between gender and some specific learning styles: men residents were associated with the theorist style, and men faculty members were associated with the active and pragmatist styles.
Coffield F, Moseley D, Hall E, Ecclestone K. Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical review. London: Learning and Skills Research Centre; 2004.
Alonso C, Gallego, D, Honey, P. Los estilos de aprendizaje: Procedimientos de diagnóstico y mejora. Bilbao: Ediciones Mensajero; 2012
Keefe JW. Profiling and Utilizing Learning Style. Reston Virginia: National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP); 1988.
Honey P, Mumford A. Using our learning styles. U.K.: Berkshire; 1986.
Kolb DA. Experimental learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-HallInc; 1984.
Czepula AI, Bottacin WE, Hipólito E Jr, Baptista DR, Pontarolo R, Correr CJ. Predominant learning styles among pharmacy students at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. Pharm Pract (Granada) 2016;14:650.
Márquez UC, Fasce HE, Pérez VC, Ortega BJ, Parra PP, Ortiz ML et al. Relationship between self-directed learning with learning styles and strategies in medical students. Rev Med Chil 2014;142:1422-30.
González-Haro C, Calleja-González J, Escanero JF. Learning styles favoured by professional, amateur, and recreational athletes in different sports. J Sports Sci 2010;28:859-66.
Madrigal Gil AJ, Trujillo Torres JM. Adaptación del cuestionario Honey-Alonso de estilos de aprendizaje para estudiantes de una institución universitaria de Medellín-Colombia. J Learn Styles 2014;7:155-81
Chuenjitwongsa S, Oliver R, Bullock, A. Competence, competency-based education, and undergraduate dental education: a discussion paper. Eur J Dent Educ 2018;22:1-8.
Chuenjitwongsa S, Bullock A, Oliver RG. Culture and its influences on dental education. Eur J Dent Educ 2018;22:57-66.
Chadwick SM, Bearn DR, Jack AC, O'Brien KD. Orthodontic undergraduate education: developments in a modern curriculum. Eur J Dent Educ 2002;6:57-63.
Hughes JM, Fallis DW, Peel JL, Murchison DF. Learning styles of orthodontic residents. J Dent Educ 2009;73:319-27.
Revilla D. Los estilos de aprendizaje. Revista Autoeducación 1999; 55:7-10
Coloma CM, Manrique Lileya, Revilla D, Tafur R. Estudio Descriptivo de los estilos de aprendizaje de docentes universitarios. J Learn Styles 2008;1:124-42
Baker JD, Marks WE. Learning style analysis in anesthesia education. Anesthesiol Rev 1981;8:31-4
Chadwick SM, Bearn DR. Teaching and learning: an update for the orthodontist. J Orthod 2002;29:162-7.
Facultad de Medicina Universidad de Antioquia. At: https://teleducacion.medicinaudea.co/pluginfile.php/259101/mod_resource/content/2/MESS13%202018%20Herney%20Rua.pdf. Accessed: April 28, 2019.
Pulcini GG, Porcarelli A, Angeletti M, Polzonetti V. Alla ricerca di strumenti per l’orientamento universitario: prima traduzione ufficiale del cuestionario adaptado de estilos de aprendizaje. Rivista Interdisciplinare dell’Educazione 2018; 11:174-204
Adesunloye BA, Aladesanmi O, Henriques-Forsythe M, Ivonye C. The preferred learning style among residents and faculty members of an internal medicine residency program. J Natl Med Assoc 2008;100(2):172-5
Lai HY, Lee CY, Chiu A, Lee ST. The Preferred Learning Styles of Neurosurgeons, Neurosurgery Residents, and Neurology Residents: Implications in the Neurosurgical Field. World Neurosurg 2014;82:298-303.
Richard RD, Deegan BF, Klena JC. The learning styles of orthopedic residents, faculty, and applicants at an academic program. J Surg Educ 2014;71:110-8.
Engels PT, de Gara C. Learning styles of medical students, general surgery residents, and general surgeons: implications for surgical education. BMC Med Educ 2010;10:51.
Gurpinar E, Bati H, Tetik C. Learning styles of medical students change in relation to time. Adv Physiol Educ 2011;35:307-11.
ALQahtani DA, Al-Gahtani SM. Assessing learning styles of Saudi dental students using Kolb's Learning Style Inventory. J Dent Educ 2014;78:927-33.
Hosseini SM, Amery H, Emadzadeh A, Babazadeh S. Dental Students' Educational Achievement in Relation to Their Learning Styles: A Cross- Sectional Study in Iran. Glob J Health Sci 2015;7:152-8.
Turner DA, Narayan AP, Whicker SA, Bookman J, McGann KA. Do pediatric residents prefer interactive learning? Educational challenges in the duty hours era. Med Teach 2011;33:494-6.
Falk-Kessler J, Emery LJ, Scoggin AE. Learning styles of university students in a Hispanic-serving institution. Occup Ther Health Care 2006;19:83-96.
Hernández-Torrano D, Ali S, Chan CK. First year medical students' learning style preferences and their correlation with performance in different subjects within the medical course. BMC Med Educ 2017;17:131.
Atlasi MA, Moravveji A, Nikzad H, Mehrabadi V, Naderian H. Learning styles and strategies preferences of Iranian medical students in gross anatomy courses and their correlations with gender. Anat Cell Biol 2017;50:255-60.
Alghasham AA. Effect of students’ learning styles on classroom performance in problem-based learning. Med Teach 2012;34:S14–S9.
Anning RJ, Thomson WM, Quick AN. Orthodontic education programs: an international comparison of students' views and experiences. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2011;139:220-7.