Investigation of acute intoxication cases followed-up in the intensive care unit: A retrospective study

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Orhan Binici
Evren Büyükfırat
Erdoğan Duran
Veli Fahri Pehlivan
Ahmet Atlas
Başak Pehlivan
Mehmet Kenan Erol
Mahmut Alp Karahan
Nuray Altay

Abstract

Objective: Intoxication cases are increasing in societies day by day. Intoxication cases are followed-up and treated in Intensive Care Units (ICU). In our study, the intoxication cases followed in the intensive care unit; it is aimed to evaluate demographic data, prognosis, causing agents, mortality rates retrospectively.


Material and Methods: In the intensive care unit between the dates of January 1, 2016 and March 10, 2020, the patients who were admitted with the diagnosis of acute intoxication, age, gender, the drug is taken for poisoning or the substance they are exposed to, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the number of days hospitalized, mechanical ventilation support day and the number and mortality status were evaluated retrospectively.


Results: The 88 patients applied to ICU with the diagnosis of acute intoxication, 55(62%)  of them are female and 33(37%) of them are male. According to all gender data, the intoxication was found to be the highest between the ages of 17 and 30 (n: 69) and the least under 17 age (n: 2). Half of the patients (n: 44 50%) were treated in less than 2 days. With a single drug, intoxication was seen as the highest with antidepressants.


Conclusion: Intoxications occur mostly with medications and among these drugs, they are mostly seen with anti-depressive medications for psychiatric treatment. When treatment is started quickly after the poisoning, the duration of hospital stay is shortened and the prognosis is better. Since poisoning varieties differ by region, this information should be known and updated by the people who treat it.

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How to Cite
BiniciO., BüyükfıratE., DuranE., PehlivanV. F., AtlasA., PehlivanB., ErolM. K., KarahanM. A., & AltayN. (2020). Investigation of acute intoxication cases followed-up in the intensive care unit: A retrospective study. Medical Science and Discovery, 7(6), 532-534. https://doi.org/10.36472/msd.v7i6.392
Section
Research Article

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