Radiological changes observed in Covid 19 Pneumonia and utilization of CT scan as a screening tool along with a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) for effective diagnosis

Main Article Content

Bisma Mukhtar
Omar Mukhtar
Bilal Malik

Abstract

Objective: In this review article, Symptom and diagnosis of SARS-COV-2 or more commonly known as COVID-19 viral infection have been reviewed based on current literature. The CT scan, rRT-PCR results for infected patients have been focused on.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
MukhtarB., MukhtarO., & MalikB. (2020). Radiological changes observed in Covid 19 Pneumonia and utilization of CT scan as a screening tool along with a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) for effective diagnosis . Medical Science and Discovery, 7(8), 578-583. https://doi.org/10.36472/msd.v7i8.411
Section
Review Article

References

1. Corman VM, Muth D, Niemeyer D, Drosten C. Chapter Eight - Hosts and Sources of Endemic Human Coronaviruses. In: Kielian M, Mettenleiter TC, Roossinck MJ, editors. Advances in Virus Research. 100: Academic Press; 2018. p. 163-88.

2. Yin Y, Wunderink RG. MERS, SARS and other coronaviruses as causes of pneumonia. Respirology. 2018;23(2):130-7.

3. Li Y-C, Bai W-Z, Hashikawa T. The neuroinvasive potential of SARS-CoV2 may play a role in the respiratory failure of COVID-19 patients. Journal of Medical Virology.n/a(n/a).

4. Velavan T, Meyer C. The Covid‐19 epidemic. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2020;25.

5. The Lancet Infectious D. COVID-19, a pandemic or not? The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

6. Wang L-s, Wang Y-r, Ye D-w, Liu Q-q. A review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) based on current evidence. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 2020;55:105948.

7. Guo Y-R, Cao Q-D, Hong Z-S, Tan Y-Y, Chen S-D, Jin H-J, et al. The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak – an update on the status. Military Medical Research. 2020;7(1):11.

8. Corman VM, Muth D, Niemeyer D, Drosten C. Hosts and sources of endemic human coronaviruses. Advances in virus research. 100: Elsevier; 2018. p. 163-88.

9. Kendall E, Bynoe M, Tyrrell D. Virus isolations from common colds occurring in a residential school. British medical journal. 1962;2(5297):82.

10. Das KM, Lee EY, Jawder SEA, Enani MA, Singh R, Skakni L, et al. Acute Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: Temporal Lung Changes Observed on the Chest Radiographs of 55 Patients. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2015;205(3):W267-S74.

11. Das KM, Lee EY, Enani MA, AlJawder SE, Singh R, Bashir S, et al. CT Correlation With Outcomes in 15 Patients With Acute Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2015;204(4):736-42.

12. Cha MJ, Chung MJ, Kim K, Lee KS, Kim TJ, Kim TS. Clinical implication of radiographic scores in acute Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus pneumonia: Report from a single tertiary-referral center of South Korea. European Journal of Radiology. 2018;107:196-202.

13. Shi F, Yu Q, Huang W, Tan C. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pneumonia with Hemoptysis as the Initial Symptom: CT and Clinical Features. Korean J Radiol. 2020;21(5):537-40.

14. Lai C-C, Shih T-P, Ko W-C, Tang H-J, Hsueh P-R. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 2020;55(3):105924.

15. Lim J, Jeon S, Shin H-Y, Kim MJ, Seong YM, Lee WJ, et al. Case of the Index Patient Who Caused Tertiary Transmission of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Korea: the Application of Lopinavir/Ritonavir for the Treatment of COVID-19 Pneumonia Monitored by Quantitative RT-PCR. J Korean Med Sci. 2020;35(6).

16. Zhu Y, Liu Y-L, Li Z-P, Kuang J-Y, Li X-M, Yang Y-Y, et al. Clinical and CT imaging features of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Journal of Infection.

17. Palacios Cruz M, Santos E, Velázquez Cervantes MA, León Juárez M. COVID-19, una emergencia de salud pública mundial. Revista Clínica Española. 2020.

18. Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, Fan G, Liu Y, Liu Z, et al. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet. 2020.

19. Ai T, Yang Z, Hou H, Zhan C, Chen C, Lv W, et al. Correlation of Chest CT and RT-PCR Testing in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China: A Report of 1014 Cases. Radiology.0(0):200642.

20. Hosseiny M, Kooraki S, Gholamrezanezhad A, Reddy S, Myers L. Radiology Perspective of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Lessons From Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2020:1-5.

21. Guan W-j, Ni Z-y, Hu Y, Liang W-h, Ou C-q, He J-x, et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020.

22. Rodrigues JCL, Hare SS, Edey A, Devaraj A, Jacob J, Johnstone A, et al. An update on COVID-19 for the radiologist - A British society of Thoracic Imaging statement. Clinical Radiology.

23. Kanne JP, Little BP, Chung JH, Elicker BM, Ketai LH. Essentials for Radiologists on COVID-19: An Update—Radiology Scientific Expert Panel. Radiology.0(0):200527.

24. Cheng S-C, Chang Y-C, Fan Chiang Y-L, Chien Y-C, Cheng M, Yang C-H, et al. First case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 2020;119(3):747-51.

25. Lee EYP, Ng M-Y, Khong P-L. COVID-19 pneumonia: what has CT taught us? The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

26. Lorente E. COVID-19 Pneumonia Case, rID : 75189. Radiopaedia; 2020.

27. Lorente E. Rapidly progressive ARDS secondary to COVID-19 infection, Case 16660. Eurorad; 2020.

28. Macori F. COVID-19 Pneumonia Case, rID : 74867. Radiopaedia.

29. Li Y, Xia L. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Role of Chest CT in Diagnosis and Management. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2020:1-7.

30. Pan F, Ye T, Sun P, Gui S, Liang B, Li L, et al. Time Course of Lung Changes On Chest CT During Recovery From 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pneumonia. Radiology. 2020:200370.

31. He F, Deng Y, Li W. Coronavirus disease 2019: What we know? J Med Virol. 2020;92(7):719-25.

32. Bai HX, Hsieh B, Xiong Z, Halsey K, Choi JW, Tran TML, et al. Performance of radiologists in differentiating COVID-19 from viral pneumonia on chest CT. Radiology. 2020:200823.

33. Franquet T. Imaging of Pulmonary Viral Pneumonia. Radiology. 2011;260(1):18-39.

34. Yang W, Cao Q, Qin L, Wang X, Cheng Z, Pan A, et al. Clinical characteristics and imaging manifestations of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19):A multi-center study in Wenzhou city, Zhejiang, China. Journal of Infection. 2020;80(4):388-93.






































































35. Li D, Wang D, Dong J, Wang N, Huang H, Xu H, et al. False-Negative Results of Real-Time Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: Role of Deep-Learning-Based CT Diagnosis and Insights from Two Cases. Korean J Radiol. 2020;21(4):505-8.

36. Fang Y, Zhang H, Xie J, Lin M, Ying L, Pang P, et al. Sensitivity of Chest CT for COVID-19: Comparison to RT-PCR. Radiology. 2020:200432.