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Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether Neutrophil / lymphocyte (NLR), Lymphocyte / MPV (mean platelet volume) (LMR) and thrombocyte / MPV (PMR) ratios obtained from the complete blood count, can be used as an effective marker in acute stroke for determining the prognosis and subtype of stroke.
Material and methods: Patients admitted to the emergency department with acute stroke symptoms between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020 were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups as hemorrhagic or ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) according to the radiological findings. NLR, LMR and PMR ratios were calculated. The last diagnosis and hospitalization information were recorded and their 28-day mortality status was evaluated.
Results: A total of 764 patients were included in the study. The median age of the patients included in the study was 68 (IQR 25-75: 59-78) and 404 (52.9%) of the patients were male. In the analysis performed; it was observed that the LMR, NLR and PMR levels were significantly different in those who developed mortality on the 28th day (p = 0.009), (p = 0.002), (p = 0.026). In addition, only the NLR level was found to be significantly different in the ischemic group (p <0.001).
Conclusion: We think that in cases with stroke, NLR, LMR and PMR levels can be used in predicting the prognosis of this disease. Also, NLR is significantly higher in ischemic stroke, and also significant in terms of showing that CVD type is hemorrhagic or ischemic.
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