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Objective: This study aimed to determine the antibiotic resistance, inducible beta-lactamase (IBL), and Metallo beta-lactamase (MBL) rates in P. aeruginosa isolates.
Material and Methods: In our study, 100 P. aeruginosa isolates obtained from various clinical samples were used. Antibiotic susceptibility was performed by using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Carbapenem resistance to imipenem and meropenem was verified by the E test. The disk induction method was used to determine the IBL production while the Modified Hodge test, MBL E test, and combined imipenem/ EDTA disk were used to determine the production of MBL.
Results: According to the results of antibiotic susceptibility tests, 58% of P. aeruginosa isolates were susceptible to all antipseudomonal drugs, while resistance rates to other drugs were as follows; ceftazidime 7%, cefoperazone sulbactam 8%, cefepime 13%, piperacillin 14%, piperacillin-tazobactam 12%, imipenem 9%, meropenem 11%, aztreonam 8%, amikacin 8%, gentamicin 13%, tobramycin 12%, netilmicin 19%, There was a 10% resistance to ciprofloxacin. 8% of the isolates were resistant to at least three drugs, of which two isolates were positive for MBL enzyme production. IBL production was detected in 86% of the isolates with the disk induction method.
Conclusion: The results we obtained in our study are consistent with other researchers globally and in Turkey. It was concluded that there is a need for well-standardized phenotypic tests with defined evaluation criteria and further studies to verify these tests genotypically.
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