Demographic and clinical characteristics of traumatic shoulder dislocations in an eastern Anatolian city in Turkey: A retrospective single-centre analysis of 181 patients

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Ömer Cengiz
Ferdi Dırvar


Objective: This study aims to investigate demographic and clinical characteristics of traumatic shoulder dislocations in an Eastern Anatolian city (Muş) in Turkey.

Material and Methods: Digital patient database was reviewed to identify the glenohumeral shoulder dislocations admitted to the emergency department between January 2017 and December 2018. Incidence, demographics, recurrence, associated injuries, and mechanism of injury were evaluated.

Results: One hundred and eighty-one patients (140 males, 41 females; mean age: 39.98±20.41 years) experienced traumatic shoulder dislocation during the study period. The incidence was 18,9 per 100,000 person-years. Age distribution peaked between 21 and 30 (94.5% male) and between 61 and 70 years. Primary shoulder dislocation occurred in 153, recurrent dislocations in 28, and anterior dislocations in 177 patients. The mechanism of injury included falls in 144 and sports injuries in 18 cases. The reduction was achieved in 154 patients in the emergency department.

Conclusion: The incidence of traumatic shoulder dislocations in Muş was higher than the study conducted in Turkey but similar to those in Europe, the UK, and the USA. Risk factors included young age (21-40) and participation in sports in men but fall and being in the 6th decade in women.


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Cengiz, Ömer, & Dırvar, F. (2021). Demographic and clinical characteristics of traumatic shoulder dislocations in an eastern Anatolian city in Turkey: A retrospective single-centre analysis of 181 patients. Medical Science and Discovery, 8(5), 298-305.
Research Article


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