Determination of scatter radiation to the breast during lumbosacral x-ray examination using thermoluminescence dosimeter

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Chinenye Evangeline Eyisi-Enuka
Christian Chukwuemeka Nzotta
Ebbi Donald Robinson
Akintayo Daniel Omojola
Thomas Adejoh
Anthonio Azuka Agboje


Objective: Exposure to ionizing radiation during radiographic examination is associated with some biological effects. The study was aimed to determine the amount of scatter radiation to the breast during lumbosacral x-ray examination.

Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective, cross-sectional study carried out among 60 women referred for Lumbosacral spine radiography from September 2019 to December 2019. Ethical approval was granted by the hospital ethical committee. A single-phase mobile X-ray unit was used to dispense the radiation while a thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) chip was used to measure the radiation dose. The TLD chip was attached to the peri-areolar region of the left breast and held in place by a transparent adhesive tape. The TLD was carefully enclosed in a black polythene sachet before and after the investigation to shield it from background radiation. After the investigation the TLD,s were sent to the Centre for Energy Research and Training (CERT) for reading and annealing. 

Results: The mean age and BMI of participants were 55.32±12.35years and 29.70±7.09kg/m2 respectively. The cumulative mean (±SD) ESD to the breast was 3.87±0.87mGy. The highest scatter radiation dose was observed in the age group 60-69 years. Pearson’s correlation showed a week correlation between age and ESD.

Conclusion: The study showed that there were scatter radiations to the breast during lumbosacral X-Ray investigations which was was lowest among the age group 50-59years. No significant difference was seen between AP and lateral positions. The cancer risk was 1 in 6,000 indicating that there might be needed to shield the breast while performing lumbosacral X-ray.


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Eyisi-Enuka, C. E., Nzotta , C. C., Robinson, E. D., Omojola, A. D., Adejoh, T., & Agboje, A. A. (2021). Determination of scatter radiation to the breast during lumbosacral x-ray examination using thermoluminescence dosimeter . Medical Science and Discovery, 8(5), 315-321.
Research Article


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