Relationship between occupational accidents and the safety climate of blue-collar workers in the metal industry.

Main Article Content

Seyfi Durmaz
Selçuk Atalay


Objective: This study aims to reveal the ability of a safety climate assessment to make predictions regarding occupational accidents that occur in a metal sector workplace.

Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with metal sector workers. Two sub-dimensions, the security climate scale, and an 18-question form, were used for data collection. The Chi-square, 'Student's t-test, and logistic regression tests were used to determine the relationships with occupational accidents. A correlation analysis was applied between the total scale score and its sub-dimensions.

Results: The questionnaire was completed by 289 workers (90.1%).  In their current workplace, 28.4% had at least one work accident. The total score of the occupational safety climate was 61.11±6.90, and each unit was observed to increase the occupational safety climate score provided there was a 4.6% (95% CI: 0.6–8.4%) decrease in occupational accident reporting. There is a 1.10 (95% CI: 1.04–1.17) fold rise in reported work injuries for every additional year the workers work in this workplace (p = 0.001). Compared to unmarried people, married people recorded 3.24 times (95% CI 1.02–10.35) more workplace injuries.

Conclusion: According to the data, employee safety monitoring mediates the relationship between a safe environment and occupational accidents.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Durmaz, S., & Atalay, S. (2021). Relationship between occupational accidents and the safety climate of blue-collar workers in the metal industry. Medical Science and Discovery, 8(6), 384-388.
Research Article


1. International Labour Organisation. Safety and Health at the Heart of the Future of Work: Building on 100 years of experience. 2019.

2. International Labour Organisation. Occupational Safety and Health Profile - Turkey. Ankara; 2016.

3. Yener Y. Occupational health and work safety, Chamber Report announced. 2018.

4. Chamber of Mechanical Engineers. Occupational Health and Safety Chamber Report. Ankara; 2018.

5. Mehrdad R, Seifmanesh S, Chavoshi F, Aminian O, Izadi N. Epidemiology of occupational accidents in Iran based on social security sorganization database. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014;16(1):10359.

6. Gulhan B, Ilhan MN, Fusun Civil E. Occupational accidents and affecting factors of metal industry in a factory in Ankara. Vol. 10, Original Article Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2012.

7. Craig BN, Congleton JJ, Kerk CJ, Amendola AA, Gaines WG. Personal and non-occupational risk factors and occupational injury/illness. Am J Ind Med. 2006 Apr 1;49(4):249–60.

8. Saha A, Kumar S, Vasudevan DM. Occupational injury surveillance: A study in a metal smelting industry. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2007 Sep 1;11(3):103–7.

9. Abubakar AM, Karadal H, Bayighomog SW, Merdan E. Workplace injuries, safety climate and behaviors: application of an artificial neural network. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2020 Oct 1;26(4):651–61.

10. Karadal H, Merdan E. The role of safety climate and safety culture on workplace injuries. International Management, Economics and Business Journal. 2017;( Special Issue): 912-919.

11. Clarke S. The relationship between safety climate and safety performance: A meta-analytic review. J Occup Health Psychol. 2006;11(4):315–27.

12. Hayes BE, Perander J, Smecko T, Trask J. Measuring Perceptions of Workplace Safety: Development and Validation of the Work Safety Scale. J Safety Res. 1998 Sep;29(3):145–61.

13. Varonen U, Mattila M. The safety climate and its relationship to safety practices, safety of the work environment and occupational accidents in eight wood-processing companies. Accid Anal Prev. 2000 Nov;32(6):761–9.

14. Mearns K, Whitaker SM, Flin R. Safety climate, safety management practice and safety performance in offshore environments. Saf Sci. 2003 Oct;41(8):641–80.

15. TR Ministry of Labor, Security, Ministry of Health and Safety in Turkey S. Business Perception Survey Report. Ankara; 2017.

16. Cooper MD, Phillips RA. Exploratory analysis of the safety climate and safety behavior relationship. J Safety Res. 2004 Jan;35(5):497–512.

17. Türen U, Gökmen Y, Tokmak İ, Bekmezci M. Validity and Reliability Study of the Security Climate Scale. Suleyman Demirel Univ J Fac Econ Adm Sci . 2014;19(4):171–90.

18. Safety climate and self-reported injury: assessing the mediating role of employee safety control - PubMed (Internet). (cited 2021 Feb 20). Available from:

19. Ajslev JZN, Sundstrup E, Jakobsen MD, Kines P, Dyreborg J, Andersen LL. Is perception of safety climate a relevant predictor for occupational accidents? A prospective cohort study among blue-collar workers. Scand J Work Environ Heal. 2018;44(4):370–6.

20. Cinar I, Koklu M, Üyesi Ö, Ozkan A. Investigation of worker health and safety awareness of personnel working in metal sector (Konya province example). Sos Science Journal. 2018;8(16):349–64.

21. Alizadeh SS, Mortazavi SB, Sepehri MM. Analysis of occupational accident fatalities and injuries among male group in Iran between 2008 and 2012. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 Oct 13;17(10):18976.

22. Berhan E. Prevalence of occupational accident; and injuries and their associated factors in iron, steel and metal manufacturing industries in Addis Ababa. Pham D, editor. Cogent Eng. 2020 Jan 1;7(1):1723211.