The clinical, laboratory and prognostic characteristics of haemorrhagic stroke cases related to COVID-19 infection haemorrhagic stroke and COVID-19 infection

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Sibel Üstün Özek
Canan Emir


Objective: Although ischemic and thrombotic vascular processes are more widely reported in COVID-19, the ratio of haemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease is lower. However, it needs to be evaluated because the mortality rate is higher in haemorrhages, and they may appear iatrogenically.

Material and Methods: Patients observed at the Prof. Dr. Cemil Taşçıoğlu City Hospital between March 11th, 2020, and March 11th, 2021, were included in the study. Cases diagnosed as consecutive full intracerebral haemorrhage and concomitant with COVID-19 were observed during the study period. This study is a cross-sectional, retrospective, and observational study.

Results: Within the 1-year period, 11 patients (7 men and 4 women) with a mean age of 64.45±18.68 years related to COVID-19 were recorded. Risk factors were high blood pressure at a frequency of 64%, diabetes mellitus at 45%, and the use of antiaggregants/anticoagulants at 36%. The ratio of male patients was 64% (n=7). The location of haemorrhage was intraparenchymal in 91% (n=10), and subdural in 9% (n=1). The mortality rate was 64%.

Conclusion: Neurologic findings that develop, especially in noncooperating and prone patients in wards and intensive care units, must be observed carefully. Caution must be exercised in prophylactic antiaggregant and anticoagulant treatment, especially in high-risk patients. Intracranial haemorrhages are important due to high mortality.


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How to Cite
Üstün Özek, S., & Emir, C. (2021). The clinical, laboratory and prognostic characteristics of haemorrhagic stroke cases related to COVID-19 infection: haemorrhagic stroke and COVID-19 infection . Medical Science and Discovery, 8(11), 636–641.
Research Article
Received 2021-10-26
Accepted 2021-11-20
Published 2021-11-23


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