A study on substance abuse among young people (10-24 years) in urban slums of Jorhat, Assam

Main Article Content

Arya Nair Kovilveettil


Objective: To find out the substances abused by the people in urban slums and also find factors contributing to it. Also to recommend suggestions based on the study

Material and Methods: It was a community based cross sectional study and data was collected using Interviewers Performa after getting approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. A sample size of 174 was calculated . Young People (10 to 24yrs) who were willing to participate were included and whose not ready to take part were opted out.

Results: It was found that males usually 22 to 24yrs used abusive substances than females. Tobacco was the most common substance abused followed by alcohol and majority had been introduced to the substances by their peers between 17 to 24 yrs. Most people consumed the drug multiple times daily followed by weekly and had procured the drug from local retailers. These substances gave them a sense of hallucination and euphoria on consumption. Among the side effects oral problems like ulcers and malignancy topped the list. Respiratory and gastrointestinal issues along with inability  to concentrate on work were other side effects.

Conclusions: Based on the results several recommendations were made especially awareness workshops and camps. These programs mainly stressed upon the necessity to create social awareness among the people and their families about the ill effects of substance abuse. All the results were tabulated.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kovilveettil, A. N. (2021). A study on substance abuse among young people (10-24 years) in urban slums of Jorhat, Assam. Medical Science and Discovery, 8(12), 682–689. https://doi.org/10.36472/msd.v8i12.629
Research Article


World Health Organization. Guide to drug abuse: epidemiology. No. WHO/MSD/MSB/00.3. World Health Organization, 2000.

Government of India. "National Youth Policy 2014." 2014.

PARK’S, K., et al. Park's text book of preventive and social medicine. 2021.

DADWANI, Roma S.; THOMAS, Tintu. Prevalence of substance abuse: a community based study. International journal of community medicine and public health (Gujarat), 2016, 3.3: 647-650. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20160626

Drug abuse project, North Eastern Hill University; Problem of Drug Addiction in North east Regions

World Bank. World development report 2015: Governance and the law. The World Bank, 2015.

Katoki, Kaushik, Srabana Misra Bhagabaty, and Manoj Kalita. "Silhouette of substance abuse amongst an adolescent sample group from urban slums of Guwahati metro, North East India." International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences 5.3 (2016): 1-8.

Goswami, Himakshi. "Substance abuse among youths at Guwahati City, Assam (India): Major Instigator and Socio-demographic Factors." Int Educ Res J 1 (2015): 39-42.

Ambwani SR, Kaur R. Impact of oral cannabis consumption on health: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics. 2021 Apr 1;12(2):91.

Murthy P, Manjunatha N, Subodh BN, Chand PK, Benegal V. Substance use and addiction research in India. Indian journal of psychiatry. 2010 Jan;52(Suppl1):S189.

Nadeem A, Rubeena B, Agarwal VK, Piyush K. Substance abuse in India. Pravara Med Rev. 2009;4(1):4-6.

Tsering D, Pal R, Dasgupta A. Substance use among adolescent high school students in India: A survey of knowledge, attitude, and opinion. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences. 2010 Apr;2(2):137. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-7406.67005

K. Park; Health Information and Basic Medical Statistics: 23rd edition

Ghulam R, Verma K, Sharma P, Razdan M, Razdan RA. Drug abuse in slum population. Indian journal of psychiatry. 2016 Jan;58(1):83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.174390

Gupta S, Sarpal SS, Kumar D, Kaur T, Arora S. Prevalence, pattern and familial effects of substance use among the male college students–a North Indian study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2013 Aug;7(8):1632. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2013/6441.3215

Prabhu P, Srinivas R, Vishwanathan K, Raavi A. Factors influencing alcohol and tobacco addiction among patients attending a de-addiction Centre, South India. Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry. 2014 May;4(2):103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/2231-0762.137645

Abuse S. Mental Health Services Administration. Results from the. 2013 Jan 10;2:013.

Tulu SK, Keskis W. Assessment of causes, prevalence and consequences of alcohol and drug abuse among Mekelle university, CSSL 2nd year students. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015;3(3):47-56.

Murthy P, Manjunatha N, Subodh BN, Chand PK, Benegal V. Substance use and addiction research in India. Indian journal of psychiatry. 2010 Jan;52(Suppl1):S189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.69232