Emergency and Elective Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: A Single-Center Experience
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Objective: Emergency surgical interventions due to colorectal cancer (CRC) obstruction are risk factors for poor prognosis. This study aims to compare emergency and elective surgeries for colorectal tumours performed in a single center.
Material and Methods: CRC patients operated on between November 2014 and November 2019 were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups; Patients operated under elective conditions, and patients operated under the emergency diagnosis of ileus or acute abdomen.
Results: A total of 103 CRC patients were included in the study. Forty-five (43.7%) were operated in emergency situations, and 58 (56.3%) electively. 45.6% of the emergency cases were found to be Stage 3B and 4 (p=0.009). Bleeding and constipation were more common in elective cases, whereas in emergency cases, applications related to ileus and perforation were quite frequent (p<0.001). It was found that 62.3% of the tumors in emergency cases were seen in sigmoid and rectosigmoid regions (p=0.015). There was no anastomosis in 60.0% of emergency cases (p<0.001).
Conclusion: In the hospital area where the study was applied, compared to other countries, more patients with CRC underwent emergency surgery for intestinal obstruction. Therefore, necessary measures must be taken to prevent further increases in these rates.
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