Family Factors and Major Depression in Macau Adolescents

Main Article Content

Teng Fai Ng
Lin Ian Lio


Objective: Aim of this study is to investigate the current condition of adolescent depression in Macau and its relation with family factors, and to provide a reference for formulating policy about the issue

Material andMethods: The study used randomised multistage stratified cluster sampling. In March 2021, all students in normal education from Form 1 to Form 6 in day Secondary schools were eligible for study sampling. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) used to assess depression severity and a self-formulated questionnaire for investigation of family-related factors..

Results: There was total of 939 validated questionnaires, major depression occurred in 16.4% of the study samples, more females had depression than males (21.8% and 11.4%, respectively). Among all family factors, low-income family financial condition (monthly income <10000 MOP) (OR=2.71, 95% CI 1.02-7.21), parents not caring (OR=2.18, 95% CI 1.01-4.69), poor relationship with parents (OR=3.01, 95% CI 1.53-5.91) and often quarrel with parents (OR=3.39, 95%CI 2.12-5.42) had significant correlation with adolescent major depression. The study also noted that female adolescents with major depression were more affected by family factors.

Conclusion: According to study results, Family factors and adolescent depression has correlation, it is advised that family intervention can be used as a reference for strategies on improving the adolescent depression problems.


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How to Cite
Ng, T. F., & Lio, L. I. (2022). Family Factors and Major Depression in Macau Adolescents. Medical Science and Discovery, 9(3), 181–188.
Research Article
Received 2022-03-14
Accepted 2022-03-18
Published 2022-03-26


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