Alcohol use in Macau Secondary School Students and relating family factors

Main Article Content

Teng Fai Ng
Lin Ian Lio


Objective: To understand the current status of alcohol use in Macau secondary students and to explore the relationship between alcohol use behaviour in the students and various family factors. At the same time, the study also aimed to analyze the predictive power of various family factors on alcohol use, to provide a reference for the formulation of strategies for prevention and control of alcohol use in Macau adolescents.

Material and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study with data collection using a self-constructed questionnaire. The study samples were students in formal or vocational education in Macau in the school year 2020/2021, with randomization using randomized multistage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 939 valid samples were collected for data analysis. The distributions of the background variables and the behavior of alcohol use were analyzed using descriptive analysis, while Chi-square test (Chi-square), one-way analysis of variance (One-Way ANOVA), Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance, and logistic regression analysis were used for inferential statistical analysis.

Conclusion: There is an increased risk of current alcohol use in the students whose siblings also have a drinking habit, who have helped family members buy alcohol, and whose parents are more positive about drinking and who think their parents do not care about them. Intervention measures should be formulated targeting these factors.


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How to Cite
Ng, T. F., & Lio, L. I. (2022). Alcohol use in Macau Secondary School Students and relating family factors. Medical Science and Discovery, 9(9), 523–531.
Research Article
Author Biographies

Teng Fai Ng, Health Bureau, Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Macau

Dr. Ng Teng Fai obtained his Bachelor degree in Clinical Medicine in Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou, China in 2004. He has been practicing as a general physician until 2015 when he started going into the field of Public Health. Currently he is working in the Centre of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Macau as a Public Health Doctor. He mainly specializes in the monitoring of injury in Macau, Environmental Health and Public Health Emergency. With his knowledge and postgraduate training in Public Health and Statistics, he has contributed to the establishment of the methodology and the statistical analysis of the study. Currently, he is also engaging on a project of “Alcohol Use in Macau Secondary Students---a Study on Knowledge, Belief and Behavior of Alcohol Use and their Correlating Factors”. This is also the original unpublished research where the data for the study came from.

Lin Ian Lio, Centro Hospitalar Conde de São Januário (CHCSJ), Psychiatry Department, Macau

Dr. Lio Lin Ian obtained her Bachelor degree in Clinical Medicine in Jinan University in Guangzhou, China in 2007, Master degree in Child Health in the University of Warwick, United Kingdom in 2008 and Master Diploma in Family Medicine in Chinese University, Hong Kong in 2011. Now she is a resident doctor in the department of Psychiatry in Centro Hospitalar Conde de São Januário, Macau. Her main interest is Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. She has published a paper on the suicide idea of the students in a university in Guangzhou and also a case report of a case of IgG4 aortitis. She has training and experience in paper reading, critical appraisal and writing systematic review paper since postgraduate study in UK.

Received 2022-09-11
Accepted 2022-09-20
Published 2022-09-21


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