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Objective: The effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on the prenatal and neonatal periods is not yet fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to prospectively evaluate and investigate the clinical features of newborns who were born to mothers with a history of Covid-19 during pregnancy, delivery, and/or postpartum.
Patient and Methods: The study prospectively evaluated 52 newborns born to mothers with a history of Covid-19 during pregnancy, delivery, and/or postpartum followed in our hospital's neonatal intensive care unit between November 2020 and May 2022.
Results: Unvaccinated mothers of 12 babies with Covid-19 IgG antibody positivity + severe pneumonia in their clinical course and/or chest X-ray stated that they did not have a history of Covid-19. It was found that attachment to intermittent mechanical ventilation (SIMV) in infants with a Covid-19 -infected father was statistically significantly higher than in infants with a non-infected father. The rate of being connected to synchronized intermittent mechanical ventilation (SIMV) in babies whose both parents had Covid-19 was statistically significantly higher than in the babies whose fathers did not have Covid-19 (p:0.030; p<0.05).
Conclusion: Newborns born to mothers suspected or confirmed to be Covid-19-positive are mostly asymptomatic, suspected cases or cases with a severe or unusual clinical course should be investigated for Covid-19 even if there is no maternal history. In newborns, not only the mother but also the father should be questioned for Covid-19, as both parents being infected will increase the viral load.
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