Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practice towards Breast Cancer Prevention among the Female Students of University of Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Main Article Content

Shahida Banu Shamsuddeen
Aisha Ansari
Mohammad Shahid Ali



Background: There are limited studies conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess the Nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the prevention of breast cancer among the female students of Hail University.

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to assess the Nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice toward breast cancer prevention among university students. The study aims at the following objectives:

  1. To assess the Nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice towards breast cancer of university students.

  2. To compare the Nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) towards breast cancer between science and non-science students of the university.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was planned to assess nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) toward breast cancer prevention among students of the University of Hail. The subjects were surveyed through a previously standardized self-administered questionnaire for questions related to nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and practice on the prevention of breast cancer.  In addition, self-reported weight and height were collected and body mass index was calculated. The statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (version 18.0).

Results: The general knowledge of nutrition, was self-perceived by the study population. 14.8% of the population perceived that they have a very good knowledge of nutrition, and about 66.7% of the population has an average or good knowledge. From the viewpoint of attitude among the study samples, it was clear that science students have a better attitude when compare to non-science students. The results were statistically significant (P<0/05) for the practice of exercise, consuming fruits and vegetables, and drinking green tea showing a higher number among science students than non-science students.

 Conclusion: In conclusion, nutrition KAP towards BC prevention was found to be influenced by factors such as age, the field of study, and the familial history of BC. These results provide further support for the hypothesis that having proper nutritional knowledge improves an individual’s eating practice which will reduce the risk of any nutrition-related cancers such as BC. These findings need to be taken into account when designing breast health education programs. It is suggested to perform successfully design, organize, and implement nutrition education programs in the institutions which will promote the level of knowledge about nutrition, thereby improving their food habits and lifestyle.

Keywords: Nutrition; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Lifestyle.


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How to Cite
Shamsuddeen, S. B., Ansari, A. ., & Ali, M. S. (2023). Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practice towards Breast Cancer Prevention among the Female Students of University of Hail, Saudi Arabia. Medical Science and Discovery, 10(3), 187–194.
Research Article
Received 2023-03-03
Accepted 2023-03-12
Published 2023-03-20


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