The effect of Ranolazine on random pattern skin flap survival in rats

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Semih Öztürk
Uğur Koçer
Gökhan Koca
Meliha Korkmaz
Nihat Yumuşak
Koray Gürsoy


Objective: Flap surgery is widely used in the field of plastic surgery for defect reconstruction. The most important problem of this surgery is ischemic necrosis which may occur in the distal of the flap. For this reason, studies have been conducted to develop many treatment methods to solve this problem. Our study aimed to investigate the effects of different doses of ranolazine, a selective late sodium current blocker, on the viability of skin flaps prepared from the back of the rat.

Material and Methods: A total of 32 rats, including 8 rats in each group, were included in the study. A random patterned caudal base 3x9 cm width : length modified McFarlane skin flap was elevated from the backs of all rats and adapted back to its place For 7 days postoperatively, 1 cc of saline was added to the control group (Group A), and 45 mg/kg, 90 mg/kg, and 180 mg/kg of ranolazine were added to the study groups (Group B, C, D), respectively, and administered daily with gastric lavage On the 7th postoperative day, photographs were taken to evaluate the viability of the flaps and scintigraphic evaluations were made. After the rats were sacrificed, the flaps were separated from their bases and evaluated histopathologically.

Results: As a result of the evaluations, the viable flap area was calculated as 12.7548 cm2 for Group A, 14.9533 cm2, 16.494 cm2 and 16.7599 cm2 for Groups B, C and D, respectively, and a statistically significant difference was found between the groups (P = 0.00 <0.05 ). The viable flap area percentages were calculated as 57.486% for Group A, 68.908% for Group B, 70.174% for Group C and 74.603% for Group D, and a statistically significant difference was found between the groups (P = 0.00 <0.05). As a result of scintigraphic evaluation, the viable flap area was found to be 61.57% for Group A, 71.04% for Group B, 70.21% for Group C and 73.85% for Group D, and a statistically significant difference was found between the groups (P = 0.03 <0.05). Histopathological evaluation revealed a decrease in the flaps' inflammation, edema and necrosis scores with the increasing drug dose.

Conclusion: As a result, although flap viability increased with increasing doses in the group given ranolazine, more detailed studies are needed before it can be used clinically.


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Öztürk, S., Koçer, U., Koca, G., Korkmaz, M., Yumuşak, N., & Gürsoy, K. (2023). The effect of Ranolazine on random pattern skin flap survival in rats. Medical Science and Discovery, 10(4), 257–263.
Research Article
Received 2023-03-28
Accepted 2023-04-24
Published 2023-04-27


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