Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity and risk factors in intensive care unit: estimating from the routine laboratory findings Colistin-Induced Nephrotoxicity and Risk Factors

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Ahmet Ziya Şahin
Betül Kocamer Şimşek


Objective: In this study we aimed to evaluate the patients treated with colistin in an intensive care unit (ICU) and risk factors emergence of acute renal failure (ARF) after colistine treatment.

Materials and Methods: Patients treated with colistine in the ICU between June 2016 and September 2018 were reviewed in this retrospective study. The 37 patients who were received colistine more than 3 days due to detection of Acinetobacter baumannii in culture of tracheal aspirate specimen were included in this study. Sociodemographic and clinical data and also biochemical parameters, glomerular filtration rates (GFR), APACHE-II, RIFLE and AKIN scores were examined. Patients were divided into two groups as ARF-developing and non-ARF-developing. Follow - up parameters were compared between these two groups.

Results: The patient group consisted of 26 males and 11 females. The mean age of the patients was 61.0 ± 19.33 years and %45 of the patients developed ARF. Mean APACHE-II score was 20.7±5.6. Mean age was significantly older in ARF patients. Onset day of colistine was significantly lower in patients with ARF. Significant relationships were found with the creatinine, albumin, AST, ALT and BUN parameters between ARF.

Conclusion: Older age and early initiation of colistin treatment in the ICU should be considered to be risky for ARF development. Before colistin treatment BUN, creatinine, CRP, albumin and AST levels should be considered to be risky for ARF development. After colistin treatment ALT, BUN, creatinine, urine output, platelet, AST, arterial blood gas base excess levels, urine pH, and protein amount in urine should be followed carefully.


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Şahin, A. Z., & Kocamer Şimşek, B. (2019). Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity and risk factors in intensive care unit: estimating from the routine laboratory findings . Medical Science and Discovery, 6(9), 210-220.
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