Main Article Content
Objective: Traditional practices for infants vary across communities and may sometimes pose risks to infant health. Healthcare professionals must be aware of these practices during infant- child visits. This study aims to investigate the traditional practices of Turkish and Lebanese mothers on infants, explore the relationship between these practices and compare the similarities and differences between the two cultures.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey involving Turkish and Lebanese mothers living in Istanbul. Data was collected through face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire inquiring about sociodemographic information about the family, general information about the baby, and traditional practices performed by the mothers. Statistically, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's Exact test, and independent t-test were applied.
Results: The study included 382 mothers, comprising 200 who were Turkish and 182 who were Lebanese. In both groups, the proportion of mothers who received information about infant care was approximately 90%. The most common source of information was the internet in both groups, approximately 35% of Turkish and 53% of Lebanese mothers used the internet as a source of information. The second sources of data used for baby care were the family elders in the Lebanese mothers (28%), and the health personnel in the Turkish mothers (24%). Turkish mothers practised celebrating the fortieth day, salting, using amber necklaces for teething, and giving pacifiers more frequently than Lebanese mothers. In the case of jaundice, Turkish mothers frequently breastfeed, while Lebanese mothers consult a doctor. The use of potentially risky practices is rare in both groups. No significant relationship was found between maternal education levels and the use of traditional practices.
Conclusion: This study highlights the widespread use of traditional practices among both Turkish and Lebanese mothers during child-rearing. The study's results could inform health strategies to reduce the prevalence of potentially risky traditional practices among mothers and promote adopting safe, evidence-based child-rearing practices.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Akçay G, Kırlı U, Topal H, Topal Y, Hakan N, Özer EA. Traditional methods applied by mothers in infant care in Muğla province. Middle East Medical Journal. 2019; 11(3):263-270.
Ergin A, Acar AG, Baltacı K. Traditional methods in baby care. Current Pediatrics. 2020; 18(3):370-389.
Çınar İÖ, Aslan GK, Kartal A, İnci FH, Koştu N. A Study of mother’s traditional infant care methods for infants less than a year-old age. TAF Preventive Med Bull. 2015; 14:378-386.
Uysal G, Beydağ KD, Düzkaya DS. Traditional practices of parents with 0-12 month old infants regarding infant care. ACU Health Sciences Journal. 2019; 10(2):211-217.
Kucuk ER, Tanriverdi G. Traditional baby care practices of mothers and their practices reasons: a sample from Turkey. Inter. J.of Car. Sci. 2021; 14(3):1749-1762.
Efe YS, Erdem E, Tuncay B, Ozbey H. Traditional practices used by mothers in infant care: a descriptive study. J Tradit Complem Med. 2021; 4(3):326-335.
Arabacı Z, Yıldırım JG, Dündar BN, Kadam Z. Traditional methods applied in babies. Journal of Child and Civilization. 2016; 1(1):61-86.
Gölcük Y. Traditional practices applied by mothers with 0–12-month-old children in infant care. (Master's Thesis); Inonu University Institute of Health Sciences, Malatya, 2014.
Derli D, Comparison of traditional beliefs and practices of women in two different cultures regarding pregnancy, birth, newborn care, (Master's Thesis), Medipol University Institute of Health Sciences, Istanbul, 2016.
Karabulutlu Ö. Determination of traditional practices for newborn care in the postpartum period in Kars province. Dokuz Eylül University School of Nursing Journal. 2014; 7(4):295-302.
Karabudak S, Yavuz B, Yılmaz H, Başbakkal Z. Traditional practices of mothers regarding child health. I.Ü.F.N Nursing Journal. 2009; 17(3):190-197.
Zeyneloğlu S, Kısa S. Traditional practices for maternal and newborn care among Turkish postpartum women. Appl Nurs Res. 2018; 39:148-153.
Mrayan L, Abujilban S, Abuidhail J, Alshraifeen A. Traditional neonatal care practices in Jordan: A qualitative study. Nurs Health Sci. 2018; 20(4):486-493.
Ulziibat M, Munkhuu B, Bataa AE, Schmid R, Baumann T, Essig S. Traditional Mongolian swaddling and developmental dysplasia of the hip: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2021; 21(1):450.
Pinto DA, Aroojis A, Mehta R. Swaddling practices in an Indian institution: Are they Hip-Safe? A survey of paediatricians, nurses and caregivers. Indian J Orthop. 2020; 55(1):147-157.
Okka B, Durduran Y, Değerli Kodaz N. Traditional practices of Konya women during pregnancy, birth, the postpartum period, and newborn care. Turkish J. of Med. Sci. 2016; 46(2):501-511.
Alparslan Ö, Demırel Y. Traditional neonatal care practices in Turkey. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2013; 10(1):47-54.
Avcin E, Can Ş. Traditional beliefs and practices of primiparous and multiparous mothers regarding newborn care. J Tradit Complem Med. 2021; 4(3):358-368.
Tolppola O, Renko M, Sankilampi U, Kiviranta P, Hintikka L, Kuitunen I. Pacifier use and breastfeeding in term and preterm newborns-a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Pediatr. 2022; 181(9):3421-3428.
Rocha CR, Verga KE, Sipsma HL, Larson IA, Phillipi CA, Kair LR. Pacifier use and breastfeeding: a qualitative study of postpartum mothers. Breastfeed Med. 2020; 15(1):24-28
Orovou E, Tzitiridou-Chatzopoulou M, Dagla M, Eskitzis P, Palaska E, Iliadou M, Iatrakis G, Antoniou E. Correlation between Pacifier Use in Preterm Neonates and Breastfeeding in Infancy: A Systematic Review. Children (Basel). 2022; 9(10):1585.
Ponti M. Recommendations for the use of pacifiers. Paediatr Child Health. 2013; 8:515-528.
Lubbe W, Ten Ham-Baloyi W. When is the use of pacifiers justifiable in the baby-friendly hospital initiative context? A clinician's guide. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017; 17(1):130.
Harding CM, Law J, Pring T. The use of non-nutritive sucking to promote functional sucking skills in premature infants: an exploratory trial. Infant. 2006; 2:238-43.
Psaila K, Foster JP, Pulbrook N, Jeffery HE. Infant pacifiers for reduction in risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017; 4(4):CD011147.
Ozyazıcıoglu N, Polat S. Traditional practices frequently used for the newborn in Turkey: A literature review. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2014; 13(3):445-452.
Uğurlu ES, Başbakkal Z, Dayılar H, Çoban V, Ada Z. Investigation of traditional methods applied by mothers in infant care in Ödemiş. Gümüşhane University Journal of Health Sciences. 2013; 2(3):342-360.
Calışkan Z, Bayat M. Infant Care Practices of Mothers and Affecting Factors: A Cappadocia sample. Anatolian Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences. 2011; 14(2):23-30.
Ünver Korğalı E, Özgürhan GA, Yiğit Ö, Samancı N. Yenidoğan bebek bakımındaki geleneksel uygulamaların bebek sağlığı ve ailelerin sosyo-ekonomik düzeyi ile ilişkisi. Journal of Human Sciences. 2018; 15(4):2322-2340.
Işık MT, Akçınar M., Kadıoğlu S. Mersin ilinde gebelik, doğum ve loğusalık dönemlerinde anneye ve yenidoğana yönelik geleneksel uygulamalar. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi. 2010; 7(2):1-22.
Özen M., Özgör B. Höllük; Bir Anadolu Gerçeği. İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2006; 13(2):131-133.
Genç M, Güneş G, Pehlivan E. Bebeklerimizi nasıl büyütüyoruz? İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 1998; 5:169-175.
Gölbaşı Z, Eğri G. 15-49 yaş grubu evli kadınların doğum sonu dönemde bebek bakımına yönelik geleneksel uygulamaları. TSK Koruyucu Hekimlik Bülteni. 2007; 6(5):313-320.
Uysal G, Beydağ KD, Düzkaya DS. 0-12 aylık bebeği olan ebeveynlerin bebek bakımına ilişkin geleneksel uygulamaları. ACU Sağlık Bil Derg. 2019; 10(2):211-217.