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Objective: Radioactive iodine (RAI) is used to ablate residual thyroid tissue after total thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response according to the12th-month results of thyroid cancer patients and to investigate the changes in response level during follow-up.
Materials and Methods: The study included 97 patients, comprising 88 (90.7%) females and 9 (9.3%) males, with a mean age of 41.68±13.25 years. None of the patients had lymph node or distant metastasis and all received RAI therapy. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (TG), and anti-TG levels and neck USG were examined in the 12th-month. Response to therapy was evaluated as an excellent response, biochemical incomplete response, structural incomplete response, or indeterminate response.
Results: In the 12th month, 80 patients (82.47%) had excellent response, 13 patients (13.40%) had an indeterminate response, 3 patients (3.09%) had structural incomplete response and 1 patient (1.03 %) had biochemical incomplete response. Of the 80 patients with excellent response, 15 had no follow-up after the 12th month. The remaining 65 patients were followed up for 31.11±9.58 months. The response changed to indeterminate in the 18th month in 1 (1.54%) patient and to structural incomplete response in the 35th month in 1 (1.54%) patient. The 13 patients with indeterminate responses were followed up for 20.61±6.28 months.
Conclusion: The TG level at 12th months provides accurate data about the course of the disease especially in patients with excellent responses. Patients with excellent response in the 12th month may be followed up less often and those with the indeterminate or incomplete responses should be followed up more often.
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