Why epidural blood patch in postdural pain headache

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Fethi Akyol
Orhan Binici
Ufuk Kuyrukluyildiz
Celaleddin Soyalp
Ilke Kupeli


Objective: Spinal anesthesia has some complications such as intravascular injections, nerve injuries, hypotension, bradycardia and dural ruptures. When puncture is performed on dura or araknoid, there is a risk of post-dural-puncture headache.

Material and Methods: 16003 patients, who were operated at the Erzincan State Hospital and Erzincan Mengücek Gazi Education and Research Hospital between 2004 and 2011 were involved in this study. Epidural blood patch was applied on 159 patients complaining of post-dural-puncture headaches. 15 ml of the autologous blood was given to the epidural region in the surgery room for patients which had epidural blood patch applied. Epidural blood patch was applied 2 days after the dural injury

Results: 72 females and 67 males were involved in the study. Symptoms of post-dural-puncture headache disappeared within minutes immediately after the process.  After the first application of epidural blood patch, 156 patients felt relaxed. 3 patients had a relief after the first application, but their symptoms relapsed, and a second injection was performed 24 hours after the first one.  Following the second epidural blood patch,    none of the patients reported any headaches.  No complications emerged during the procedure in the patients. The patients were discharged 2-3 hours after the epidural blood patch application.

Discussion: Epidural blood patch is a treatment method with lower risks of complications, lower costs and high success rate for post-dural-puncture headache patients. It is advised especially after the C-section, for preserving mother-baby communication


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Akyol, . F. ., Binici, O. ., Kuyrukluyildiz, . U. ., Soyalp, C. ., & Kupeli, I. . (2016). Why epidural blood patch in postdural pain headache. Medical Science and Discovery, 3(3), 120–123. Retrieved from https://medscidiscovery.com/index.php/msd/article/view/178
Research Article


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