Possible transmission of Covid-19 infection among healthcare professionals; first defense to early wave of the pandemic COVİD-19 and Healthcare Professionals

Main Article Content

Suna Eraybar
Huseyin Aygun

Abstract

Objective: Healthcare professionals play an essential role in the COVID-19 pandemic on the front lines. There have been a limited number of publications and national status reports on COVID-19 infected healthcare professionals. We aimed to determine the factors that play a role in transmitting COVID-19 infection to healthcare professionals.


Material and methods: Among healthcare professionals, those evaluated as a possible COVID-19 case and whose Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests were studied in our Emergency Service and Employee Health Polyclinic were included in the study. Age, gender, task, unit, working in COVID-19 units, Thorax Computerized Tomography (CT) and PCR test result, hospitalization status, suspicious contact, and appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the work environment and social environment were investigated.


Results: A total of 369 cases were included in the study. 54.7% (n = 207) of potential COVID-19 healthcare professionals worked in COVID-19 units, 22.5% (n = 83) had PCR positive. Employee groups with the highest PCR positivity rate were security guards (88.9%), cleaning staff (31.6%), doctors (26.3%) and nurses (18.8%), respectively. When contact histories with COVID-19 infection were examined; 46.3% of the cases had in-hospital social contact (PCR positivity rate 21.6%), 39.6% had a history of contact with COVID-19 patients (PCR positivity rate 11%). It was determined that 3.3% of the cases (n = 12) were treated in the COVID-19 service, 0.3% (n = 1) was hospitalized in intensive care, 26% (n = 96) were isolated at home, and 70.5 % (n = 260) continued to work. All of the participants were discharged after treatment and returned to their duties.


Conclusion: Adequate training should be given to healthcare professionals to protect them against COVID-19 infection. Additionally, healthcare professionals should show the care to prevent infection in social areas inside and outside the hospital as well as at contact points with patients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Eraybar, S., & Aygun, H. (2021). Possible transmission of Covid-19 infection among healthcare professionals; first defense to early wave of the pandemic. Medical Science and Discovery, 8(6), 366-372. https://doi.org/10.36472/msd.v8i6.551
Section
Research Article

References

1. Organization WH. Coronavirus disease (‎‎ COVID-19)‎‎: situation report, 14 july. 2020.

2. Organization WH. Coronavirus disease (‎‎ COVID-19)‎‎: situation Report-82. 11 April 2020. . 2019.

3. (The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China). Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi. 2020;41:145-151.

4. health Efp and Sanità ISd. COVID-19 integrated surveillance data in Italy. 2020.

5. Characteristics of Health Care Personnel with COVID-19 - United States, February 12-April 9, 2020. MMWR Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2020;69:477-481.

6. Minister of Health of the Republic of Turkey, Press Release. 29.04.2020. . 2020.

7. Simpson S, Kay FU, Abbara S, Bhalla S, Chung JH, Chung M, Henry TS, Kanne JP, Kligerman S, Ko JP and Litt H. Radiological Society of North America Expert Consensus Statement on Reporting Chest CT Findings Related to COVID-19. Endorsed by the Society of Thoracic Radiology, the American College of Radiology, and RSNA - Secondary Publication. Journal of thoracic imaging. 2020;35:219-227.

8. Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, Wu J, Du H, Chen T, Li R, Tan H, Kang L, Yao L, Huang M, Wang H, Wang G, Liu Z and Hu S. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA network open. 2020;3:e203976.

9. Heinzerling A, Stuckey MJ, Scheuer T, Xu K, Perkins KM, Resseger H, Magill S, Verani JR, Jain S, Acosta M and Epson E. Transmission of COVID-19 to Health Care Personnel During Exposures to a Hospitalized Patient - Solano County, California, February 2020. MMWR Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2020;69:472-476.

10. Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C, Zimmer T, Thiel V, Janke C, Guggemos W, Seilmaier M, Drosten C, Vollmar P, Zwirglmaier K, Zange S, Wölfel R and Hoelscher M. Transmission of 2019-nCoV Infection from an Asymptomatic Contact in Germany. The New England journal of medicine. 2020;382:970-971.

11. Ağalar C and Öztürk Engin D. Protective measures for COVID-19 for healthcare providers and laboratory personnel. Turkish journal of medical sciences. 2020;50:578-584.

12. Chang D, Xu H, Rebaza A, Sharma L and Dela Cruz CS. Protecting healthcare workers from subclinical coronavirus infection. The Lancet Respiratory medicine. 2020;8:e13.

13. Schwedhelm MM, Herstein JJ, Watson SM, Mead AL, Maddalena L, Liston DD and Hewlett AL. Can You Catch It? Lessons Learned and Modification of ED Triage Symptom- and Travel-Screening Strategy. Journal of emergency nursing. 2020;46:932-940.

14. Sikkema RS, Pas SD, Nieuwenhuijse DF, O'Toole Á, et al. COVID-19 in health-care workers in three hospitals in the south of the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study. The Lancet Infectious diseases. 2020;20:1273-1280.